Egypt Guide

Egypt Guide

"egypt flag"


Egypt is a county mainly in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land to Southwest Asia (the Middle East). Egypt therefore is a transcontinental country. The country covers an area of over one million square kilometres. Egypt is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast. The Red Sea boarders Egypt to the east, to the south Egypt shares a boarder with Sudan and to the west is the Libyan boarder.

Major Cities

Cairo, Alexandria, Hurghada, Luxor, Sharm el Sheikh and Aswan.

Climate and Geography

Most of Egypt’s rain falls in the winter months and temperatures average between 27 °C and 32 °C in the summer. Temperatures on the coast of the Red Sea can reach up to 43 °C in the summer season. Winter temperatures average between 13 °C and 21 °C.

Due to the aridity of Egypt’s climate, population centres are concentrated along the narrow Nile Valley and Delta, meaning that about 99% of the population uses only about 5.5% of the total land area. Apart from the Nile Valley, the majority of Egypt’s landscape is covered by the Sahara Desert and Libyan Desert.


Egypt is one of the most populated countries in Africa and the Middle East with an estimated population of 80 million people. Most of the population is concentrated around the Nile River where the only arable land is found, although there are still groups of Bedouin living in and around the desert.

There are many tourist attractions in the country, with many of the leisure activities, such as scuba diving being concentrated in the area around the Red Sea. Many of the resorts in the Sinai are geared towards this industry. The main historical attractions including the pyramids are situated around the Nile Delta. The countries ancient ruins, including Memphis, Thebes, and Karnak and the Valley of the Kings, are a significant focus of archaeological study.

Activities and places to see

Visit the Abu Simbel temples"egypt map"

Walk around the Valley of Kings

Marvel at the Great pyramid

Walk in the City of Dead in Cairo

Listen to the call to prayer in a city.

Smoke a shisha in a street side café.

Snorkel over the blue hole off the shore of Dahab.

On a Budget

You can get some great deals on holidays to Egypt and when you are there you get a lot for your money. You should explore the roadside shops and avoid being lured into the swankier establishments; the locals are very good at persuading you to spend your money. You should always try to barter for goods, if they are quoting a ridiculous price walk away, they will probably call after you offering a lower price.

Other Resources

The Lonely Planet has some great advice on trips to take; it is well worth a look.

For the latest news and travel advice have a look at the BBC News site, they have an interesting section on the country and the history of the area.

For travel advice, have a look at your country’s foreign office, they keep all information up-to-date.


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