India is a huge country in Asia, more specifically the Indian subcontinent where it is the largest country. Neighbouring countries include Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar.
Amritsar, Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, Jaipur, Kochi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Shimla, Varanasi.
India is accessible by air, sea and land via plane, boats, trains and cars or buses. Flying remains the most popular option, with flights into Amritsar, Mumbai, Delhi and Chennai taking centre stage. If you want to drive or take the bus into India you can do this from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal. Likewise, these countries have the only train links into India.
Climate and Geography
India has every type of climate and geography under the sun thanks to its colossal size. Expect to find mountains, jungles, dazzling beaches and sprawling deserts all represented. India is home to the world’s tallest mountain range, the Himalayas, and a coastline that stretches out along the Indian Ocean. India’s climate is as changeable as its geography, but the most prominent features of it are extreme heat and bucketing rain. India has three seasons: summer, monsoon season and winter, although Indian winter temperatures average out at around 25⁰C making them not unlike most European summers. The monsoon season hits in June and lasts until September, with two monsoon fronts accounting for much of the rain in the country. The northeast region is hit by both monsoon fronts and can lay claim to having the highest level of rainfall in the world.
India is divided into 28 states and 7 union territories all with their own diverse cultures. The states tend to be split across linguistic lines – more than 200 languages are spoken across the land – rather than on historical or administrative grounds. India has a rich cultural and historical heritage and there are monuments and temples still standing that date back to the first millennia BC (known locally as the Vedic Period). India is second only to China in terms of population size, with a population of over a billion people, and prides itself as being the largest democracy in the world. This huge population comes hand in hand with widespread infrastructure problems and mass poverty which can be offputting to westerners who haven’t prepared for the culture shock.