Egypt has been a destination that sparks considerable interest, not only due to its ongoing unrest since last year. Egypt offers an extraordinary slice of history covering more than five millennia. Although antiquity is the main attraction, another side of Egypt has shown itself in the last few decades – the beaches and diving sites on the Red Sea.
Tourists seem not be discouraged by the unstable political situation and visit Egypt all year round and the number of people booking for example cheap holidays to Sharm el Sheikh has been stable. There is a variety of activities in this diverse country and everyone can find something interesting to do.
A cruise on the Nile River reveals the country’s ancient treasures but by but, whether by luxury ship or simple felucca. On the outskirts of Cairo, the necropolis of Giza with the three pyramids of Pharaohs Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure watched over by the Great Sphinx, is at the top of Egypt’s architectural heritage. But there is so much more to be seen besides this recognizable place in Egypt. The colossus of Ramses II and Alabaster Sphinx at Memphis, the necropolis of Saqqara, and Fayyum with its funerary portraits are also important, nor should the temples and tombs of Tanis in the Nile Delta be overlooked.
Egypt has many well preserved temples. The temples of Luxor and Karnak are the most famous remains on the right bank of the Nile. On the other side of the river, Medinet Habu, the Colossi of Memnon, the dozens of temples at Gourneh, and Hatshepsut’s temple at Dar-el-Bari are only a prelude to the Valley of the Kings and Valley of the Queens. That’s where the royal tombs of the New Kingdom have been excavated, including the treasure – laden tomb of Tutankhamen, opened in 1922.
Since the Aswan High Dam was built, Lake Nasser has flooded the Nubian Valley, but the dismantling and relocation of the historic temples of Ramses II and Nefertiti at Abu Simbel by UNESCO in the mid-1960s have saved the limestone structures.
The recent development of tourism infrastructures along the Red Sea has changed the way people have been visiting Egypt. Before, it was all about historic sites, whereas now people tend to choose beach holidays than inland exploring. With sunshine 360 days a year, beach vacations as a relatively modest price are the new trend in Egypt. Divers and underwater photographers are documenting the Red Sea’s spectacular coral reefs and numerous fish species. Hurghada, a family resort, and Sharm el Sheikh, on the southern tip of Sinai Peninsula, are popular for diving and snorkeling. Other resorts include Taba, Safaga, El Ghouna, Marsa Alam, and Soma Bay, offering something for every taste, including spa facilities and golf.